About RUSESL

RUSESL stands for "Reducing Upper Secondary ESL with Practice Enterprise".  

The main goal of our project has been to prevent ESL in the later years of secondary school, a target group often overlooked when discussing ESL, as the legal definition of early school leaving refers to non-participation in school before reaching the age of 16 years or before completing 3 years’ post-primary education, whichever is later. Our project has continued on the successes of our previous project to tackle ESL at the earliest stages of secondary school by evolving and modifying the schools’ practices and innovative methodologies of learning and teaching designed to reduce ESL to the target group of upper secondary students using the approaches of the Practice Enterprise (PE) methodology.


Early school leaving (ESL) is a multi-faceted and complex problem caused by a cumulative process of disengagement. It is a result of personal, social, economic, education or family-related reasons. Schools play an important role in addressing ESL but they cannot and should not work in isolation. Reducing ESL can help towards the integration of young people into the labour market, and contribute to breaking the cycle of deprivation that leads to the social exclusion of too many young people.

Intellectual Outputs (IOs) and 

National Studies

This IO provides an analysis of the current situation and opportunities the different school systems offer to young students to avoid early school leaving.

Comparative Report

The comparative report defines indications for developing a common intervention methodology to implement the PE approach in partner countries.

Guide for the PE approach

The guide describes the PE methodology and approach to learning for secondary school students and is the key project output.

Teachers Training

Teachers training facilitate the teachers' work regarding the simulation activity and develop the necessary competencies for planning and running PEs.

Pilot Experiences

Pilot experiences were realised within the four schools involved as project partners.  The results were collected and arranged in the testing and piloting report was revised accordingly.

Results and Outcomes

National Studies on the Current ESL Situation

National reports collect information useful for the integration of Practice Enterprise  approach within the upper secondary school programme. 

National reports contain information concerning: 

  • general background concerning data and statistics especially focusing on early school leavers and employment situation of young people, at national and local level
  • identification of reasons for early school leaving 
  • collection of good practices at national and European level concerning the main path and service of guidance within schools.


Download a report on the ESL situation EU-wide and worldwide.
Download a report on the ESL situation in Spain.
Download a report on the ESL situation in Italy.
Download a report on the ESL situation in Bulgaria.
Download a report on the ESL situation in Lithuania.

Comparative Report of Findings on ESL

The comparative report is a document reporting a general overview of the main outcomes and findings of the national reports. The main aim of the comparative report consists in find out define indications for developing a common intervention methodology to implement the PE approach in partners’ countries, also having in mind a EU perspective.

Download the comparative report in English.
Download the comparative report in Spanish.
Download the comparative report in Italian.
Download the comparative report in Bulgarian.
Download the comparative report in Lithuanian.

Piloting Application Guide

The Piloting Application Guide for the Practice Enterprise methodology in Upper Secondary School for Early School Leavers provides combined insights on the Practice Enterprise concept as a means to tackle ESL. The final version of the guide is based on the national as well as comparative reports, the roundtable outcomes as well as the piloting experiences and has been revised upon completion of the project.

Download the RUSESL Piloting Application Guide in English.
Download the RUSESL Piloting Application Guide in Spanish.
Download the RUSESL Piloting Application Guide in Italian.
Download the RUSESL Piloting Application Guide in Bulgarian.
Download the RUSESL Piloting Application Guide in Lithuanian.